Eyelid Movements, Infrared Reflectance Oculograohy, Johns Test of Vigilance (JTV), Optalert, Johns Drowsiness Scale (JDS)

The effects of blinks and saccadic eye movements on visual reaction times

Johns M, Crowley K, Chapman R, Tucker A, and Hocking C. Attention, Perception & Psychophysics, 2009; 71: 783-788.

The test-retest reliability of an ocular measure of drowsiness

Johns MW, Crowley KE, Chapman RJ, Tucker AJ, and Hocking CA. Sleep, 2008; 31: A118

Crowley KE, Johns MW, Chapman RJ, Tucker AJ, and Patterson J Sleep, 2008; 31:A119

Johns MW, Crowley KE, Chapman RJ, Tucker AJ, and Hocking CA. Sleep, 2008; 31: A118

Effects of caffeine on alertness as measured by infrared reflectance oculography

Michael, N., Johns, M., Owen, C., & Patterson, J. Psychopharmacology (Berl), 2008; 200: 255-260.

A new method for assessing the risks of drowsiness while driving

Johns, M. W., Chapman, R., Crowley, K., & Tucker, A. Somnologie, 2008; 12: 66-74.

An Ocular Measure of Drowsiness and the EEG: Changes with Sleep Deprivation

Crowley, K., johns, M. W., Chapman, R. J., Tucker, A. J., & Patterson, J.
Sleep, 2008; 31: A119.

Monitoring eye and eyelid movements by infrared reflectance oculography to measure drowsiness in drivers

Johns, M. W., Tucker, A., Chapman, R., Crowley, K., & Michael, N. J. Somnologie, 2007; 11: 234-242.

A new scale of drowsiness based on multiple characteristics of blinks: The Johns Drowsiness Scale

Johns, M. W., Tucker, A. J., Chapman, R., Michael, N. J., & Beale, C. A. Sleep, 2006; 29: A365.

Evaluation of two eyelid closure monitors for drowsiness detection

Howard, M., Clarke, C., Gullo, M., Johns, M. W., Swan, P., Pierce, R., & Kennedy, G. Sleep & Biological  Rhythms, 2006; 4: A13.

The duration of eyelid movements during blinks: changes with drowsiness

Tucker, A., & Johns, M. W. Sleep, 2005; 28: A122.

The amplitude-velocity ratio of blinks: changes with drowsiness

Johns, M. W., & Tucker, A. Sleep, 2005; 28: A122.

The development of Optalert

Johns, M. W. 2004. (unpublished report).

The amplitude velocity ratio of blinks: A new method for monitoring drowsiness

M.W.Johns. 17th Annual Conference, Associated Professional Sleep Societies (APSS), Chicago, June 2003. Abstract in Sleep, 2003,26; (Suppl):A51-52

A new method for monitoring drowsiness based on the velocity and amptitude of blinks

Murray Johns. 5th International Conference on Fatigue and Transportation, Fremantle, Western Australia, 9-14 March, 2003